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Skimming vs Penetration Pricing: Whats the Difference?

Publicado: 08 de octubre, 2021

Penetration Vs Skimming Marketing Strategies

Market penetration is a challenge for any business, especially entrepreneurs attempting to change the face of an industry. A penetration pricing strategy aims to achieve adoption by growing a customer base with low initial prices. Some of the most widely known price skimming examples include electronic brands that rely on this strategy during the product launch phase.

The supermarket opts for a penetration pricing strategy to sell organic products for a lower price. The supermarket offers samples to customers and advertises fresh items.

New Product Pricing Vs. Market-Penetration Pricing

A supermarket company discovers data showing customer demand is currently increasing for organic food. The company already has a significant market share, so the manager is confident that many clients will buy its new organic products.

  • Both techniques can be effective for firms; however, a good grasp of a relationship between your price and your overall marketing and promotions strategy.
  • A pricing strategy in which buyers pays the same shipping charges regardless of their locations.
  • Customers known as early adopters will pay steeper prices for a cutting-edge product if it’s marketed as a “must-have”, whether the price accurately reflects the value or not.
  • Both price skimming and penetration pricing are best used for a short time.
  • Dominant market share will typically be obtained by a low cost producer that pursues a penetration strategy.

Price skimming can attract more competition to the market due to firms intrigued by the high price margins and introducing their own product, also eroding the inelasticity of the demand curve. When other companies start offering the same product with newly added features; or the company launches a new model, the previous prices gradually decline. Sometimes the company even stops manufacturing the last model after launching the latest models. Penetration pricing strategy creates a positive brand image in the minds of customers and become the referral group and create a world of mouth campaigns. Cable providers using penetration pricing is a good example of when it can go wrong. That initial low price gets people in the door but increasing prices later can drive them away again. On the flip side, penetration pricing isn’t always the right strategy for brands.

What Is a Penetration Pricing Strategy?

Overall, the margin on organic groceries is much higher than it is for regular groceries, and organic is a high-growth niche, meaning more and more customers are buying organic produce. As a result, many retailers offer organic products at elevated prices, often adopting a price skimming strategy whenever a new organic product comes onto the market. Penetration pricing is a strategy where prices are set low to attract new customers and increase the product’s market share.

In contrast, the users of p rice skimming expect to reap substantial profit from initial customers and sustain reasonably high prices across the board to sustain a steady profit. For most of the occasions when you shop in the supermarkets, you can see a typical sign of penetration pricing strategy that is “special introductory offers”. For example, for products with elastic demand like soaps and shampoos in the market, among various price points, you will find the lower price. Besides, brands of the items may not be something they care about. Loss leader pricing is a slightly different marketing strategy and is illegal in half of U.S. states. Companies sell a product or service at a loss—or narrow margin—to attract more customers. In theory, customers buy these “loss leaders” and then spend the savings on the company’s other, more profitably priced goods.

More in ‘Business’

Agreements whereby merchants agree to promote one another’s offerings to customers. For example, a manufacturer might give a retail store an advertising allowance to advertise the manufacturer’s products in local newspapers. Similarly, a manufacturer might offer a store a discount to restock the manufacturer’s products on store shelves rather than having its own representatives restock the items. A pricing arrangement that designates that a product’s title changes at its destination (the place to which it’s transported), and the seller pays the shipping charges. Are you aware of how many minutes you spend talking or texting and what it costs if you go over the limits of your phone plan?

Penetration pricing is frequently used by network provider and cable or satellite services companies. Penetration pricing has benefits and drawbacks relative to skimming as a product Penetration Vs Skimming Marketing Strategies launch strategy. If effective, you can quickly gain a customer base, which allows you to also buy in larger quantities from suppliers, thus lowering your per unit cost.

Penetration Pricing Advantages Over Skim Pricing

This could involve persuading current customers to buy more and new customers to start buying or even converting customers from their competitors. This could be implemented using methods such as competitive pricing, increasing marketing communications, or utilizing reward systems such as loyalty points/discounts. New strategies involve utilizing pathways and finding new ways to improve profits and increase sales and productivity in order to stay competitive.

  • The hope is that the sales volume will make up for the below-average cost.
  • However, once the competitors start producing same products or services, the prices are decreased to retain the customers.
  • In addition to setting a low price for their main product, some companies also use discounts, promotions, and other giveaways to attract customers.
  • Premium pricing is popular in high-end products and services where you want to maximum profits on each sale.
  • As a result, consumers fall in love with low-priced phones and the contract cost eludes them.
  • Skimming marketing strategies are extremely effective for technological products, where the demand is not consistent, and customers are lower price-sensitive and ready to pay higher prices.

Hence, in markets where customers are willing to pay a price differential to acquire a latest product, skimming pricing is more relevant. On the other, penetration pricing is more appropriate for markets that do not have such class segments. Penetration pricing is intended to attract a larger contingent of customers away from competing brands. The idea is to use a better mix of product benefits and a lower price to lure customers only modestly satisfied with existing products. This is not typically the case with skimming, which often leads to a select market of initial customers, with broader market appeal coming later when prices are reduced.

Example of penetration strategy

A strategy of offering low prices on one or more items as “lead” items in advertisements to attract customers. A pricing strategy where a certain amount of profit is added to the total cost of a product in order to determine its price. In this case, a firm benefits from selling mutually dependent products in order to maximize its profits. For example, razor manufacturers tend to sell razors at a low price, but the blades refills at a high price.

What is scanning reading strategy?


To scan text: after gaining an overview and skimming, identify the section(s) of the text that you probably need to read. start scanning the text by allowing your eyes (or finger) to move quickly over a page. as soon as your eye catches an important word or phrase, stop reading.

By understanding the constraints on means of production a firm can compare it with a break-even analysis in order to gain better insights as to how they should set an initial price. Companies often use price skimming strategy to sell products such as smart phones, jewelry, digital technologies etc. Apple, Samsung, Sony, and many others often use this strategy as they know their products are high in demand. However, profit margins reduce as the seller reduces prices in the later stages of the product lifecycle. ABC company would have to offer the highest quality and build a brand image that suits its pricing decision.

Penetration pricing example

A starting point in the process is setting pricing objectives in accordance with the overall mission of the company. A company’s objectives may be as basic as ‘survival’, which means the pricing approach will be very short term and reactive. Other approaches may focus onprofit maximization, return on investment, orcash flow. In a stable market when the competitive threat is weak, there may be no incentive to manage prices.

Penetration Vs Skimming Marketing Strategies

So, the quantity of sales also varies in both strategies of pricing. Skimming pricing is the opposite of penetrating, it involves setting high prices in the beginning and slowly reducing them to attract more people.

For example, Apple has some 70% market share in iPods and around 50% market share in iPads. Yet they are doing this while still maintaining their price skimming strategy. That’s where market penetration strategy and developing a sound product strategy comes in. Market penetration measures the utilization of a company’s product or service in a particular market compared to the total market for that product or service. Often this data is expressed as a percentage (e.g., a company’s product or service represents X% of the total market for that particular industry).

What is an example of skimming strategy?

Price skimming examples

Electronic products – take the Apple iPhone, for example – often utilize a price skimming strategy during the initial launch period. Then, after competitors launch rival products, i.e., the Samsung Galaxy, the price of the product drops so that the product retains a competitive advantage.

Suppose a brand like Apple, Sony, LG, Huawei, Oppo, or Vivo, etc., launches a new mobile phone model. Then the price of it is exorbitant; the company follows price skimming at this stage of the product life cycle. While a firm may set low prices for certain items in its catalogue in order to attract customers, the rest of the goods usually remain highly-priced. In this case, the company relies on consumers to first come to their stores (or websites, etc.…) for the cheaper type of goods, but to end up purchasing both low and high-priced goods in the end. To illustrate, Walmart uses high-low pricing tactics in order to attract customers into its shops. It can even be said that is uses loss leader pricing tactics because while it sells some of its products at a loss, other higher-priced products bring considerable profits. A shortcoming of price penetration relies on the type of your targeted customers and your choice to identify brand loyalty in your customers.

You know that, so long as you can work your way to a market share that garners you a sales volume of Q2 that you will be profitable in the long run. While the system is an effective way to get customers to sign up initially, if your service doesn’t meet the standards of the market, don’t expect customers to stick around as the price goes up. Penetration pricing is one of the many pricing strategies employed by companies in an attempt to increase their revenue and/or profit. This is relevant because price skimming is the exact opposite of penetration pricing. Is a promotion in which a seller gives customers discount cards or coupons (see Figure 15.6) after purchasing. Consumers can then use the cards and coupons on their next shopping visits. The idea is to get the customers to return to the store or online outlets later and purchase additional items.

Penetration Vs Skimming Marketing Strategies

Even though sales will likely be modest with skimming, the profit margin is great. This pricing approach is most often used for high-prestige or otherwise unique products with significant cache. Once the product’s appeal broadens, the price is then reduced to appeal to a greater range of consumers. Penetration pricing strategy involves setting low prices of the products for attracting a high number of customers to increase sales and market share.